The farm is a fun place for children during the summer months, whether they live on a farm or are visiting grandparents who live on a farm during their summer vacation. The farm is a dangerous place for children because they live or visit where work is performed. It is difficult for children to separate their play from farm hazards. To a child, a grain bin is a fascinating and adventurous place. However, many of these adventures have tragic endings.
Children on their own cannot recognize farm hazards. They must be taught how to recognize farm dangers and how to avoid them. The following are dangers that should be discussed with children:
Young children learn primarily by touch and sight. Many times these two senses put a child into a dangerous situation. For example, fascination with a quickly moving PTO can result in disaster. However, these senses can also be used to teach children about farm hazards. For example, bright safety emblems can be used as flash cards to teach children farm hazards. Models of farm equipment can also be used to demonstrate and prevent possible accidents.
Nearly all farm-related accidents can be prevented. Parents and grandparents should use precautionary safety measures to prevent accidents. They can set and enforce safe limits and be good role models for children by promoting farm safety. The following are key steps to farm safety:
1. Children should not be extra riders on equipment.
2. Children should not play with idle machinery.
3. Equipment that might fall, such as front-end loaders, should be left in the down position.
4. When parked, self-propelled machinery should be locked and keys removed from the ignition.
5. A tractor PTO should be in neutral when not in use.
6. Know where children are whenever starting machinery, and especially when backing up equipment.
7. Machinery should be kept in good repair, particularly protective shields, ROPS, and seat belts.
8. Children should not operate machinery until they complete safety training.
9. All ATV riders should wear helmets.
10. Farm ponds and manure pits should be fenced.
11. Fixed ladders should be out of reach, or fit with a special barrier.
12. Portable ladders should be kept away from danger areas such as grain wagons and silos.
13. Dangerous machinery components should be kept out of reach of small children.
14. Electrical boxes should be kept locked.
15. Warning decals recognizable to children should be on all grain bins, wagons, silos, barns, and trucks.
16. Chemicals and pesticides should be stored in a locked area.
17. All equipment used on roads should have working lights, reflectors and a slow-moving vehicle emblem.
18. Set regular times for family safety instructions (for example, monthly family safety days).
Source: Fact Sheet: Bean, T.L. & Wojtowicz, J. Farm Safety For Children: What Parents and Grandparents Should Know. Ohio State University Extension. 14 July. 2010.